Amnesty International supports the rights of Indigenous peoples as understood through its mandate and internationally adopted human rights declarations and covenants, such as the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. In Canada, Amnesty has been active in relation to murdered and missing Indigenous women through its Stolen Sisters campaign, on land protection and sovereignty issues related to duty to consult and free, prior and informed consent (e.g. Northern Gateway Project, Lubicon Nation, Grassy Narrows, Elsipogtog), on the rights of the child (e.g. children in care, education, clean water).
The organization has produced investigative reports and press releases that are intended to provide a basis for action by Amnesty members and the general public in responding to the concerns of Indigenous peoples, particularly in holding governments accountable to their responsibilities and obligations. Amnesty holds workshops and learning sessions for its members related to issues of concern to Indigenous peoples.